John F. Kennedy once said of Canada and the United States, "Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners, and necessity has made us allies. Those whom God has so joined together, let no man put asunder."
The relationship between these two countries is unique. The two combined land areas make up most of North America and their common border is the longest undefended border between two countries. They have many other uniting factors also.
History and military alliance
Economy and trade
There are more than 30 governmental agreements between the U.S. And Canada pertaining to environmental issues, and it is one of the oldest environmental partnerships in the world.
The border between Canada and the United States is 5,522 miles long – the longest common border between any two countries. There are about 200 million crossings each day and the number of illegal border crossings is fair less than between America and Mexico.
The "Salmon War" finally recently came to an end. Several species of salmon have diminished in population because of overfishing and environmental problems. This is an international issue because salmon migrate through U.S. and Canadian waters. The countries have been unable to set mutually acceptable quotas.
Disputes have erupted several times with the most recent incident being in 1997 when British Columbian fisherman blocked an Alaskan ferry for three days at Prince Rupert harbor. Just a year or so ago Canada restricted fishing for salmon off its coast and America sought to protect salmon and steelhead trout in the Pacific Northwest by listing them as an endangered species. Under the pact that was recently signed, Alaska and the state of Washington will limit catches of Canadian bound salmon and Canada will cut back on salmon fishing headed to the Northwest.
The United States and Canada have had their differences of opinion through their long coexistence. However, they resolve these differences through diplomatic negotiations. They agree to disagree and find a common solution. It is the model of compromise and will continue to keep the relationship strong.